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Khust district

Territory: 1 ths. km2

Population: 130 ths. people

Population density: 94,8 people per 1 km2

Towns: 1.

Urban villages: 1

Rural villages: 56

The district is situated in the southern part of the region it borders on Romania and Vynogradiv, Irshava, Mizhgiria, Tyachiv districts. Archeological remains prove that the territory had been populated since the epoch of early paleolith. The center of the district Khust town is situated in the valley where the Ricka river falls in to Tysa. Khust is known as a fortified settlement since X-XI centuries and the name of the town springs from Hungarian “the land of voyevoda (governor of a province) Gusta”.

In 1874 the deviser A. Yenkovsky from Steblivka village, Khust district invented a machine for mechanical harvesting of wheat which was later patented in the USA as a combine. At the beginning of the XX century Shandrova village (now-Oleksandrivka) was one of the most famous in the Carpathians because of its small well from which brine (very salt water which looks like candied fruit jellies) was extracted. In the past Shandrov well brought in good returns to the village. People from outskirts came on carts with barrels to fill them with brine which was used for leavening fruits and vegetables. Then the villages evaporated it and using this method they gained salt.

As a result of a great traffic stream Oleksandrivka expanded its infrastructure. Cooperage and salt production were the most developed businesses. But time passed, salt is not valued highly any more, so, it seems the well is of no need. Nowadays the lonely well is in the middle of the village and seems is still waiting for its revival and has enough brine for everybody.

Most of the territory is mountainous, the highest peak is the Lak mountain. The Tysa and Tereblia rivers play a great part in the relief forming. There is also a “Zakarpattian sea” – the Vilshanske storage reservoir and the Lypovetske Lake (located in the old volcanic vent) on the territory of the district. Local villages tell a lot of mysterious stories about that lake.

Carpathian biosphere reserve “Daffodils’ Valley”, a unique monument to the beauty of nature is situated in Kireshi hole, Khust district.
It is the only place in CIS where you can find the flowers growing naturally. Similar, but not so large places are in a few places – Alps, Romania, some Balkan countries.

The scientists claim that this land together with flowers became the fame of this valley and went through the geological cataclysms in boulder period because of a large of rock slipped from the very peaks of the mountain. A well-known deer-farm of Ukraine is situated not far from the village Iza. Sika deer raised here in order to get important for medicine product a pantocrine. There are two medieval castles on the territory of the district. They are the Khust castle of the XI-XVIII centuries and the Vyshkivsky castle of the XIII-XIV centuries. The district is rich in mineral resources, especially mineral waters.

Shayanske reserve of Dylyzhansky type with carbonaceous silicic hydrocarbonaceous waters which also contains natrium is located in Khust district. There are also carbonaceous waters of other types, for example thermal waters (Veliatynske, Narcys).
The main reserve of mineral waters are Shayanske, Dragivske, Veliatynske, Nartsys.




( 2015.04.06.)


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